Surrounded on three sides by the China Sea, the sub-tropic climate of Hong Kong often produces unpredictable weather.
Though thunderstorms commonly occur, dark clouds give way to sunshine in a matter of minutes.
The city also has a reputation for extreme weather conditions that include extreme heat and humidity, thunderstorms and typhoons.
Precipitation and humidity levels vary from season to season and Hong Kong experiences four distinct seasons.
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Spring generally lasts from March to May and is the cloudiest season in Hong Kong.
There are approximately 34 rainy days during this time of year.
Sunshine may quickly turn into cloudbursts.
Rainfall amounts begin at around 90 mm (3.5 inches) during the early part of the season, but progress to 320mm (11 inches) as spring approaches summer.
Humidity also varies from 83 to 87%. Temperatures range from 20 to 30 degrees Centigrade (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).
Visitors generally need clothing suitable for the combination of cooler and warmer temperatures of the season.
Packing shorts and t-shirts with sweatshirts and pants ensure guests have appropriate clothing for seasonal changes.
Individuals might also desire a sweater or jacket for the cooler temperatures during the evening.
The summer months in Hong Kong bring plenty of heat and humidity.
The season sees a variety of storms and has approximately 52 rainy days out of the three months.
Monsoons and typhoons commonly visit the city during the summer months. Rainfall amounts often reach 432mm (17 inches) and August receives the most precipitation.
Temperatures stay in the 30C range (86F), but the humidity from the climate and frequent number of tropical storms makes for a hot and sticky scenario from June through August.
Light, breathable fabrics provide comfort when outdoors during Hong Kong’s summer months.
When venturing to indoor locations, visitors must take into account the much cooler conditions in air-conditioned environments.
The dramatic temperature change experienced when coming indoors may cause some to reach for a sweater.
The rainy season often continues through September with Hong Kong receiving as much as 327mm (12 inches) of rain during the month.
However, the fall months have the most sunny days of any season.
The cooler, comfortable temperatures range from 20 to 24 degrees Centigrade (68 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit).
The sometimes unbearable humidity of the summer months also decreases to around 74% during autumn.
This is the perfect time of year to explore the city outdoors.
Visitors often continue wearing summer apparel because of the pleasant fall climate.
Night-time may bring slightly cooler temperatures compared to the sunny days, but overall, the weather remains stable this time of year.
Winter in Hong Kong have some of the driest months of the year, as the city only receives 30 to 40 mm (1 to 2 inches) of rainfall during the winter.
Unlike other worldly locations, Hong Kong does not experience a typical frigid winter.
Temperatures may dip to 10 degrees Centigrade (50 degrees Fahrenheit), but often rise to 17 degrees Centigrade (62 degrees Fahrenheit).
The humidity ranges from 70 to 82% during this time of year.
Locals may don typical winter attire, but visitors often wear less clothing.
Even during winter, the cooler temperatures provide a climate comfortable for enjoying outdoor activities.
Appropriate clothing for Hong Kong’s winter months often include jeans, sweatshirts, sweaters and jackets.
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